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Yorkshire Terrier

Irrespective of their small size they are very territorial (other names: Yorkie)

Yorkshire Terrier
origin:Great Britain
life expectancy:14 years
classification:Toy
height:15 to 20 cm
weight:0 to 3 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Difficultclimate: Hotin/out: Indoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Undemandingsize: Very Small
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History [ edit ]

The Yorkshire Terrier, is a breed of small dog, belonging to the Toy Group and is, by far, the world´s most popular terrier and one of the most numerous pure bred dogs in  Great Britain. The breed was developped in the 1800´s by the miners working in the North of England, to catch the rats and other vermin that infested the mines. The ancesters of the Yorkshire Terrier (also known as Yorkie) are not known for certain. Some opinate that the Yorkie is a crossing among various types of terriers such as Old English Black and Tan, the  Welsh Terrier, the Paisley Terrier the Manchester Terrier, the Waterside Terrier, the Clydesdale Terrier and the Skye Terrier. It has been also suggested that the Maltese may be also in the origins of this breed. The original Yorkshire Terrier, known as the "Broken-Haired Scotch Terrier" was a much bigger animal than the one we see today. The miniaturisation was achieved by selecting and breeding only the smallest individuals. This breed comes in two varieties: the show dogs, smaller and with very long, silky coats, perfectly groomed,  and the companion dogs, nearly twice the size and with shorter coats. Whatever the appearance, the Yorkshire Terrier is a spirited, playful dog and a superb household pet.
editing: History [ close ]
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Yorkshire Terrier is a long-haired toy terrier with a  ultra-long, fine, silky blue and tan coat, that hangs straight and parts down the middle. The carriage is proud and confident giving the Yorkie the appearance of unlimited energy and self-importance.The body is well proportioned, neat and very compact, with a rather short back, and a back line level with height at shoulder the same as at the rump.The Forelegs are straight, with elbows neither in nor out, and the  hind legs are straight when viewed from behind, but stifles are somewhat bent when viewed from the sides. Yorkshire Terriers have a small and flat head and a muzzle that is very narrow and not too long. The nose is black. The eyes are dark, medium in size, not too prominent and extremely vivacious; , The small, v-shaped ears are set not too far apart and carried erect.The tail is usually docked to half its length and is carried carried slightly higher than the level of the back.The Coat has a glossy hair, fine and silky in texture, moderately long on the body and not wavy. The hair on the head is long and abundant and can be either brushed to sides or held away from the eyes with a ribbon. It should be trimmed short on tips of ears. The hair on the muzzle is very long. Yorkshire Terriers come in dark steel-blue, tan and sometimes black or silvery grey on the body. The tan hair is darkest at the roots and lightest at the tips.
editing: General Appearance [ close ]
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Yorkshire Terrier is highly energetic, brave, loyal and very intelligent. Affectionate towards their family, they can be wary of strangers. Irrespective of their small size, Yorkies still retain much of their Terrier ancestry in terms of personality. They are very territorial (specially males) and can be aggressive to strange dogs and small animals, even attacking much larger dogs.  However, generally they get along well with other household pets and love to play together in groups. They are very sweet and loving with children but because of their small size, they are easily injured and should not be left to play with very young or less considerate children. Besides, when provoked they are capable of a powerful bite. Yorkis have been bred to work independently and are extremely prey driven which, sometimes, make them a little bit tenacious and stubborn and somewhat difficult to housebreak, but they are not difficult to train if they are not spoilt from an early age. They also have to be taught not to bark, which they love to do. This breed is also very inquisitive and adventurous and should never be left alone outdoors.They are good watchdogs and splendid companions specially for families lacking space.
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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Health [ edit ]

Yorkshire Terriers are prone to some genetic problems such as gum disease and collapsed windpipes. They may also sufffer from bronchitis and they tend to develop cataracts in their old age. Falls or knocks can cause fractures of their fragile bones.
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

Originally Yorkies were owned by the working class, especially weavers and miners.
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