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Pug

Even-tempered, but somewhat bossy (other names: Carlin, Dutch Bulldog, Dutch Mastiff, Mops, Mopshond, Puggu)

Pug
origin:China
life expectancy:13 - 14 years
classification:Mastiff
height:25 to 36 cm
weight:6 to 9 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Difficultclimate: Temperatein/out: Indoorfeeding: Mediumsize: Small
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History [ edit ]

The Pug is a small ancien breed of dog  which is believed to have originated in the Far East, from miniaturized mastiffs, some 2 400 years ago. However, its true origin is controversial. The earliest places where the breed was traced was China and Tibet, where they were companions to  Buddhist  priests. It is said that they were introduced to Europe by Dutch Traders. Its ancestry is also a mystery. Some say it developped from a short-haired Pekingese, others defend that it is a crossing with a small Bulldog and another current affirms that the Dogue de Bordeaux (a French Mastiff) is in its bloodline. Whatever its origins may be, the Pug was quite fashionable among the European royalties since the 16th century, having even become the official dog of the House of Orange in Holland. Legend also says that Napoleon´s wife, Josephine, used her Pug to send messages to her husband, while she was imprisioned at Les Carmes.The messages were hidden under the Pug´s collar. Pugs were bred as companions rather then guardians and wherever they were, they were pampered and spoiled and it seems that such treatment molded their character to this day, as if they are convinced that the company of aristrocrats and kings for so many years gives them the right to be royally treated. Although not aggressive, Pugs stand for what they want until they get their way.
editing: History [ close ]
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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Pug is a square, thick-set, extremelly compact little dog, characterized by a flat, wrinkled face, and curled tail. The short, cobby body, wide in chest and well ribbed up, has well knit proportions. The shoulders are moderately laid back and the back is short, with a level topline. The legs, moderate in length, are very strong and straight. The head is large, massive, and is carried proudly on a slightly arched neck ,strong and thick.  The muzzle is short, square and blunt and square, but not upfaced and deeply wrinkled.The dark eyes, globular in shape, are very large prominent and lustrous and have a solicitous expression, extremelly alive when the animal is excited.The velvety, black ears are thin, small, and high set and may be "rose" or the "button” shaped. Rose shaped ears are preferred.The tail lays on the back in a tight curl or even a double curl, which is even better. The coat is fine, smooth and glossy, neither hard nor woolly and comes in apricot, fawn, black and silver with a black mask.
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Temperament [ edit ]

The Pug is an even-tempered breed, with a happy disposition, somewhat rambunctious and quite stubborn, but loyal and affectionate. Highly intelligent, they are easily trainable but get bored with repetitive training practices demanding creativeness from their handlers. Harsh punishment is not needed for they are very sensitive to the voice´s tone but training must be firm because Pugs like to see themselves as the boss. They need regular exercise but as their short noses do not cool them off easily they should not overheat. Pugs get along well with other dogs and pets and are extremelly well-mannered with visitors and children but rough playing can make them to be scared, defensive, or shy. On the other hand Pugs are true "lap dogs", they require lots of attention and become jealous if their masters ignore them. They are good watchdogs, very devoted, have great charm and a heart-winning personality. Sociable, adaptable, the Pug makes an endearing family pet.
editing: Temperament [ close ]
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Health [ edit ]

Pugs may be prone to, hemivertebrae, skin allergies, skin infections and chronic breathing problems and granulomatous meningoencephalitis. They are also prone to easily scratch their corneas and have corneal ulcer or puncture their eyeballs. Pugs are stressed by hot and cold weather and catch colds easily.
editing: Health [ close ]
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Dog trivia [ edit ]

Many Pugs make a grunting nasal noise, which increases when they get excited and that is quite amusing.
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