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Borzoi

Sweet, proud and self-aware

Borzoi
origin:Russia
life expectancy:11 - 13 years
classification:Hound
height:66 to 79 cm
weight:27 to 48 kg
exercise: Mediumtraining: Difficultin/out: Outdoorgrooming: Needs groomingfeeding: Mediumsize: Large
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History [ edit ]

The Borzoi is a breed of dog member of the sighthound family. As it happens with most of the ancient breeds, the exact origin of the Borzoi (The name comes from the Russian word ´borzii´ meaning "swift) is not entirely agreed upon. Some say that the first Borzois were brought into Russia by the Arabs by the 1600´s and were subsequently crossed with different Russian herding dogs, which explains the breed´s incredible ability to deal with wolves, this being the reason why it is also called the Russian Wolfhound. Others say that the Borzoi was developed by mixing two of the most ancient Russian wolfhounds, one of these being a large, beautiful and extremelly quick dog, excellent for coursing hares,  the other a powerful dog used for coursing wolves and wild boars. One way or the other The Russian nobbles bred these elegant dogs for hundreds of years, which became very popular with the Tsars before the 1917 revolution. Because of The Borzois´ extreme swiftness, courage and capacity of running at tremendous speed, they were a highly cherished possession and were occasionally presented as gifts to other members of the aristocracy. In Europe, Borzois were favored by Queen Victoria, soon followed by the British nobility. In the last century, and outside Russia, the Borzoi has been bred strictly for companionship which turned this dog into a gentler and more amenable companion.

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General Appearance [ edit ]

The Borzoi, a tall, aristocratic in bearing dog, is considered by its lovers one of the most beautiful breeds, that combines strength and courage with flowing, graceful lines. It is also one of the breeds whose males have a distinct appearance from females, the dogs having a masculine but not coarse carriage and the bitches a feminine and refined look. The body is aerodynamic, with a  chest that  is rather narrow but very deep. The back is gracefully curved at the loins which are extremely muscular, but rather tucked up, owing to the great depth of chest and comparative shortness of back and ribs. He ribs are slightly sprung to give room for heart play and allow good lung capacity. The hindquarters are powerful. The lean head, with a scarcely perceptible stop, is carried on an arched, longuish neck, free from throatiness and well set on into laid-back shoulders. The muzzle is slightly arched, the nose is large and black and the jaws elegant, long and powerful. The ears, Small and fine in quality,  lie back on the neck but may prick up partially when the dog is alert. The Eyes are oblong and dark,with an intelligent and rather soft expression. The low-hanging Tail, is well feathered, long and carried in a graceful curve. The longish silky (not woolly), coat may be flat, wavy, or with large curls, short and smooth on the head, ears and front of legs and profuse and rather curly on the neck. The Borzoi comes in almost any color or combination of colors (white, golden,tan or gray, with black markings, in either solid or mixed colors).

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Temperament [ edit ]

The Borzoi is a sweet, intelligent, extremely well-mannered and a gentle dog. They are proud and self aware dogs, extremely loyal to their family and  are quite affectionate with people they know well. The Borzoi is a quiet dog, seldom inclined to be boisterous, rather clean often in a cat-fashion and is careful about household items. They can be trained in obedience, but it should be remembered that although the Borzois´ do not have strong territorial drives they are hounds, which have not completely lost their hunting instincts. Therefore should be supervised with small non-canine pets such as cats and rabbits. Socialization at  an early age is important to the proper education of a borzoi, especially with other household pets and children. The Borzois may not appreciate the rough playing of very young children and be somewhat jittery with them reason why  they should not be let unsupervised in their company. it Borzoi´s should not also be trusted with visitors for their are capable of showing a bad temper if they are annoyed.

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Health [ edit ]

The Borzoi is prone to gastric torsion and cardiac problems including cardiomyopathy and cardiac arhythmia disorders. They must be fed small meals two or three times a day. Exercise after meals is not advisable.

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Dog trivia [ edit ]

For a long time Borzois could not be purchased but only given as gifts from the Tsar.
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